How Do I View a Device's Status in Windows?

View a Device's Current Status in Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista, and XP

Device Manager status that says This device is working properly
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The status of each hardware device recognized by Windows is available at any time within Device Manager. This status contains the current state of the hardware as seen by Windows.

Checking a device's status should be the first course of action if you suspect that a specific device is causing a problem or if any device in Device Manager is tagged with a yellow exclamation point.

How to View a Device's Status in Device Manager in Windows

You can view a device's status from the device's Properties in Device Manager.

The detailed steps involved in viewing a device's status in Device Manager vary a little depending on which Windows operating system you have installed, so those differences are called out when necessary below.

Note: See What Version of Windows Do I Have? if you're not sure which of those several versions of Windows is installed on your computer.

  1. Open Device Manager, which you can do from the Control Panel in every version of Windows. 

    However, if you're using Windows 10 or Windows 8, the Power User Menu (Windows Key + X) is probably faster.

    Note: There are a couple other ways you can access Device Manager in Windows that might be quicker that the Control Panel method. For example, you could instead use the devmgmt.msc command to open Device Manager from the command line. See Other Ways to Open Device Manager (at the bottom of that link) for more information.
  2. Now that Device Manager is open open, locate the piece of hardware you want to view the status of by working down through the hardware categories using the > icon.

    If you're using Windows Vista or Windows XP, the icon is a plus sign (+).

    Note: Specific pieces of hardware that Windows has identified in your computer are listed within the major hardware categories you see.
  1. Once you've located the piece of hardware you want to view the status of, tap-and-hold or right-click on it and then choose Properties.
  2. In the General tab of the Properties window that's now open, look for the Device status area toward the bottom of the window.
  3. Inside the Device status text box is a short description of the current status of this particular piece of hardware.
  1. If Windows sees the hardware device as working properly, you'll see this message:
    This device is working properly.
    Windows XP adds some additional information here:
    If you are having problems with this device, click Troubleshoot to start the troubleshooter.
  2. If Windows determines that the device isn't working properly, you'll see an error message as well as an error code. Something like this:
    Windows has stopped this device because it has reported problems. (Code 43)
    
    If you're lucky, you may get even more information about the problem, like this:
    The SuperSpeed link to the USB device keeps going to an error state Compliance. If the device is removable, remove the device and then disable/enable from device manager to recover.
    

Important Information on Error Codes

Any status other than one that explicitly says that a device is working properly should be accompanied by a device manager error code. You can troubleshoot the issue that Windows sees with this device based on that code: Complete List of Device Manager Error Codes.

There may still be an issue with a piece of hardware even though Windows might not report it via the device's status. If you have a strong suspicion that a device is causing a problem but Device Manager doesn't report an issue, you should still troubleshoot the device.