Device Manager Error Codes

A Complete List of Error Codes Reported in Device Manager

Illustration representing a specific computer error
jossdim / Getty Images

Device Manager error codes are numerical codes, accompanied by an error message, that help you determine what kind of issue Windows is having with a piece of hardware.

These error codes, sometimes called hardware error codes, are generated when the computer is experiencing device driver issues, system resource conflicts, or other hardware problems.

In all versions of Windows, a Device Manager error code can be viewed in the device status area of the hardware device's properties in Device Manager.

See How to View a Device's Status in Device Manager if you need help.

Error CodeDevice Status
Code 1This device is not configured correctly. (Code 1)
Code 3The driver for this device might be corrupted, or your system may be running low on memory or other resources. (Code 3)
Code 10This device cannot start. (Code 10)
Code 12This device cannot find enough free resources that it can use. If you want to use this device, you will need to disable one of the other devices on this system. (Code 12)
Code 14This device cannot work properly until you restart your computer. (Code 14)
Code 16Windows cannot identify all the resources this device uses. (Code 16)
Code 18Reinstall the drivers for this device. (Code 18)
Code 19Windows cannot start this hardware device because its configuration information (in the registry) is incomplete or damaged. To fix this problem you should uninstall and then reinstall the hardware device. (Code 19)
Code 21Windows is removing this device. (Code 21)
Code 22This device is disabled. (Code 22)
Code 24This device is not present, is not working properly, or does not have all its drivers installed. (Code 24)
Code 28The drivers for this device are not installed. (Code 28)
Code 29This device is disabled because the firmware of the device did not give it the required resources. (Code 29)
Code 31This device is not working properly because Windows cannot load the drivers required for this device. (Code 31)
Code 32A driver (service) for this device has been disabled. An alternate driver may be providing this functionality. (Code 32)
Code 33Windows cannot determine which resources are required for this device. (Code 33)
Code 34Windows cannot determine the settings for this device. Consult the documentation that came with this device and use the Resource tab to set the configuration. (Code 34)
Code 35Your computer's system firmware does not include enough information to properly configure and use this device. To use this device, contact your computer manufacturer to obtain a firmware or BIOS update. (Code 35)
Code 36This device is requesting a PCI interrupt but is configured for an ISA interrupt (or vice versa). Please use the computer's system setup program to reconfigure the interrupt for this device. (Code 36)
Code 37Windows cannot initialize the device driver for this hardware. (Code 37)
Code 38Windows cannot load the device driver for this hardware because a previous instance of the device driver is still in memory. (Code 38)
Code 39Windows cannot load the device driver for this hardware. The driver may be corrupted or missing. (Code 39)
Code 40Windows cannot access this hardware because its service key information in the registry is missing or recorded incorrectly. (Code 40)
Code 41Windows successfully loaded the device driver for this hardware but cannot find the hardware device. (Code 41)
Code 42Windows cannot load the device driver for this hardware because there is a duplicate device already running in the system. (Code 42)
Code 43Windows has stopped this device because it has reported problems. (Code 43)
Code 44An application or service has shut down this hardware device. (Code 44)
Code 45Currently, this hardware device is not connected to the computer. (Code 45)
Code 46Windows cannot gain access to this hardware device because the operating system is in the process of shutting down. (Code 46)
Code 47Windows cannot use this hardware device because it has been prepared for safe removal, but it has not been removed from the computer. (Code 47)
Code 48The software for this device has been blocked from starting because it is known to have problems with Windows. Contact the hardware vendor for a new driver. (Code 48)
Code 49Windows cannot start new hardware devices because the system hive is too large (exceeds the Registry Size Limit). (Code 49)
Code 52Windows cannot verify the digital signature for the drivers required for this device. A recent hardware or software change might have installed a file that is signed incorrectly or damaged, or that might be malicious software from an unknown source. (Code 52)

Note: Device Manager error codes are completely different than system error codesSTOP codesPOST codes, and HTTP status codes, even though some of the code numbers may be the same. If you see an error code outside of Device Manager, it's not a Device Manager error code.