What Is an ASCX File?

How to Open, Edit, & Convert ASCX Files

Screenshot of several ASCX files in Windows 10 used with Adobe Dreamweaver
ASCX Files.

A file with the ASCX file extension is an ASP.NET Web User Control file that stands for Active Server Control Extension.

Basically, ASCX files make it easy to use the same code across multiple ASP.NET web pages, saving time and energy when building a website.

For example, a number of ASPX files on a website might link to a single ASCX file that contains code for a website's navigation menu. Instead of writing the same code on every page of the website that needs the menu, each page can just point to the ASCX file, making managing and updating the menu on every page much easier.

Considering how effective ASCX files are at simplifying ASP.NET programming, these files are often used for other consistent parts of a website, like headers, footers, etc.

How to Open an ASCX File

Microsoft's Visual Web Developer and Visual Studio can open and edit ASCX files, as well as Adobe's Dreamweaver.

Though an ASCX file is linked to from inside an ASPX file (which can be viewed in a browser), the ASCX file itself is not intended to be opened by the browser. If you've downloaded an ASCX file and expected it to contain information (like a document or other saved data), it's likely that something is wrong with the website and instead of generating the usable information you were after, it provided this server-side file instead.

If that happens, try downloading the file again or even just renaming the file to the extension you expected it to be. Sometimes that works.

For example, if you intended on downloading a PDF file but were given an ASCX file instead, just rename the .ascx part of the file to .pdf. Know that this is not converting the file to the PDF format but instead just properly renaming the file to its actual format (PDF in this case).

How to Convert an ASCX File

A file converter is usually the recommended tool for converting most types of files, like videos, music file, images, documents, etc.

However, converting a file like an ASCX file to something else will break its functionality, so it probably isn't something you want to do, especially if the ASCX file is being hosted online and is otherwise working just fine.

For example, changing a working file with the .ASCX file extension to anything else means that all of the ASPX files that are pointing to that ASCX file will cease to understand what the file is for, and therefore won't understand how to use its contents to render menus, headers, etc.

However, the opposite conversion might actually be something you're interested in: converting an ASPX page to an ASP.NET Web User Control file with the ASCX extension. A number of manual changes are required to make this happen, so be sure to follow Microsoft's instructions very carefully.

Microsoft has another tutorial on turning an ASCX file into a Redistributable Custom Control (a DLL file). If you know anything about DLL files, you may have already realized that ASCX files behave very much like the shared DLL files on your Windows computer.

More Information on ASCX Files

ASCX files and ASPX files are made up of very similar code, but Web User Control files don't contain any html, bodyor form elements.

Microsoft's How to: Create ASP.NET User Controls explains the steps it takes to create an ASCX file, and Bean Software has some good examples on how to add Web User Control files to an ASP.NET page.

Still Can't Open Your File?

If after trying the above programs, your file still won't open properly, there's a good chance that you're not really dealing with an ASCX file. Some file formats use a file extension that closely resembles ".ASCX" even though the formats are not related.

For example, ACX files might look like they're related in some way to ASCX files but those are actually Atari ST Program files that can be used on a computer with an Atari ST emulator like Gemulator. They will not open with an ASCX file opener.

The same concept holds true for other files like ACSM, ASAX, and ASX (Microsoft ASF Redirector) files. If you have one of those files, or any other file that simply looks like an ASCX file, research its real file extension to learn which programs can open or convert it.

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