Why the IP Address Is Used

This Private IP Address Is the Default IP On Many Routers

A wireless router with an ethernet cable plugged in.
  deepblue4you / Getty Images is an IP address found on many local computer networks, particularly business networks. Business class network routers assigned as their local gateway address typically are configured to support a subnet with client IP addresses starting at

This same address is also the default local address for certain models of home broadband routers from Zoom, Edimax, Siemens, and Micronet.

Why Is Popular

Internet Protocol (IP) version 4 defines certain sets of IP addresses as restricted for private use, meaning they can't be used for web servers or other internet hosts. The first and largest of these private IP address ranges begins with

Corporate networks wanting flexibility in allocating a large number of IP addresses naturally gravitated to using the network as their default with as one of the first addresses allocated from that range.

Automatic Assignment of

Computers and other devices that support DHCP can receive their IP address automatically from a router. The router decides which address to assign from the range it's set up to manage, in what's called the DHCP pool.

Routers will normally assign these pooled addresses in sequential order (though the order is not guaranteed). Therefore, is most commonly the address given to the first client on a local network that connects to the router based at

Manual Assignment of

Most modern network devices including computers and game consoles, allow their IP address to be set manually. This is called a static IP address.

To do it, the text "" must be keyed into a network setting configuration screen on the device. That or the router must be configured to assign the address to that specific device, contingent on its physical MAC address.

However, simply entering these numbers does not guarantee it is a valid address for that device to use. The local router must also be configured to include in its supported address range.

Working With

Accessing a router that's been assigned the IP address of is as easy as opening the IP address as a regular URL by going to

Most networks assign private IP addresses like dynamically using DHCP. Attempting to assign it to a device manually is also possible but not recommended due to the risk of IP address conflicts.

Routers cannot always recognize whether a given address in their pool has already been assigned to a client manually before assigning it automatically. In the worst case, two different devices on the network will both be assigned, resulting in failed connection issues for both.

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